One of the main reasons for this trend is the lower labor costs in Latin America. According to a study by the Boston Consulting Group, the hourly wage for a software developer in the United States is roughly five times higher than the hourly wage for a software developer in Mexico. This significant cost difference makes it more financially viable for tech companies to outsource work to Latin America.
Additionally, the Latin American market has seen a surge in the number of highly-skilled workers in recent years. According to the World Bank, the number of people in Latin America with tertiary education has more than doubled in the past two decades. This increase in the number of highly-educated workers in the region has led to a corresponding increase in the number of available, skilled workers for tech companies to hire.
However, this trend is not without its drawbacks. Outsourcing work to Latin America can lead to job losses for domestic workers and can also result in a lack of diversity in the tech industry. According to a report by the National Center for Women & Information Technology, women and minorities are underrepresented in the tech industry and outsourcing work to Latin America may exacerbate this problem.
Moreover, distance and language barriers can make it challenging for tech companies to effectively manage and communicate with their Latin American employees. This can lead to delays and inefficiencies in the development process.
In conclusion, while outsourcing work to Latin America can be a cost-effective solution for tech companies, it is important to consider the potential negative impacts on domestic workers and diversity in the tech industry. Companies must weigh the benefits and drawbacks of outsourcing before making a decision.